Professor Davies' research interests include, marital conflict, family discord, parental adjustment, child emotion regulation and coping with family stress, child psychosocial maladjustment, and competence.
Professor Davies’ research interests include an understanding of the nature, precursors, and consequences of children’s responses to family and interpersonal relationships, including interparental, parent-child, broader family-level, and extrafamilial (e.g., peer) contexts.
My broad area of interest lies in children's socioemotional adaptation and maladaptation within the context of close interpersonal relationships especially in family contexts. My three major research aims include: (1) delineating the emotional, behavioral, and physiological processes underlying links between family and interparental discord and children's social and emotional adjustment; (2) identifying the patterns, origins, and sequelae of children ways of adapting to parent-child relationship characteristics (e.g., conflict); and (3) characterizing higher-order patterns of temperament (e.g., sensitivity) and their implications for children’s trajectories of psychological and physiological functioning. Our work is increasingly guided by conceptual models that are rooted in evolutionary and ethological frameworks. Accordingly, research directions falling within aims (1) and (2) are commonly organized by the reformulation of emotional security theory and a broader framework of how children defend against social challenges (e.g., Davies & Martin, 2013; 2014; Martin et al., 2014). Likewise, aim (3) is commonly informed by the translation of evolutionary game theory to the study of children’s functioning (e.g., Davies, Cicchetti, Hentges, & Sturge-Apple, 2013).
For more information, please visit Dr. Davies' faculty page in the Developmental Program area.
Courses Offered (subject to change)
- CSP 289 Developmental Child Psychopathology
- CSP 377 and 378 Exploring Research in Family Psychology I and II
- CSP 560 Family Processes in Childhood
- CSP 562 Developmental Research Methods
- Davies, P. T., *Martin, M. J., & Sturge-Apple, M. L. (in press). Emotional security theory and developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental Psychopathology: Vol. 1. Theory and Methods (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley.
- *Suor, J.H., Sturge-Apple, M.L., Davies, P.T., Cicchetti, D., & *Manning, L.G. (in press). Tracing differential pathways of risk: Associations among family adversity, cortisol, and cognitive functioning in childhood. Child Development.
- Davies, P.T., *Coe, J.L., *Martin, M.J., Sturge-Apple, M.L., & Cummings, E.M. (in press). The developmental costs and benefits of children’s involvement in interparental conflicts. Developmental Psychology.
- *Hentges, R.F., Davies, P.T., & Cicchetti, D. (in press). Temperament and interparental conflict: The role of negative emotionality in predicting child behavioral problems. Child Development.
- Davies, P.T., Cicchetti, D., & *Hentges, R.F. (2014). Maternal unresponsiveness and child disruptive problems: The interplay of uninhibited temperament and dopamine transporter genes. Child Development, 86, 63-79.
- *Manning, L.G., Davies, P.T., & Cicchetti, D. (2014) Interparental violence and early childhood adjustment: A mediated moderation examination of maternal sensitivity as a protective factor. Child Development, 85, 2263-2278.
- Davies, P.T., & Cicchetti, D. (2014). How and why does the 5-HTTLPR gene moderate associations between maternal unresponsiveness and children’s problems? Child Development, 85, 484-500.
- *Martin, M.J., Davies, P.T., & *MacNeill, L. (2014). Social defense: An evolutionary-developmental model of children’s strategies for coping with threat in the peer group. Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 364-385.
- Davies, P.T., & *Martin, M.J. (2014). Children’s coping and adjustment in high conflict homes: The reformulation of emotional security theory. Child Development Perspectives, 8, 242-249.
- Davies, P.T., Sturge-Apple, M.L., *Bascoe, S.M., & Cummings, E.M. (2014). The legacy of early insecurity histories in shaping adolescent adaptation to interparental conflict. Child Development, 85, 338-354.
- Davies, P.T., & *Martin, M.J. (2013). The reformulation of emotional security theory: The role of children’s social defense in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 1435- 1454.
- Davies, P.T., Cicchetti, D., *Hentges, R. F., & Sturge-Apple, M.L. (2013). The genetic precursors and the advantageous and disadvantageous sequelae of inhibited temperament: An evolutionary perspective. Developmental Psychology, 49, 2285-2300.
- *Koss, K.J., *George, M.R.W. Davies, P.T., Cicchetti, D., Cummings, E.M., & Sturge-Apple, M.L. (2013). Patterns of children's adrenocortical reactivity to interparental conflict and associations with child adjustment: A growth mixture modeling approach. Developmental Psychology, 49, 317-326.
- Davies, P.T., *Manning, L.G., & Cicchetti, D. (2013). Tracing the developmental cascade of children's insecurity in the interparental relationship: The role of stage-salient tasks. Child Development, 84, 297-312.
- Davies, P.T., *Martin, M.J., & Cicchetti, D. (2012). Delineating the sequealae of destructive and constructive interparental conflict for children within an evolutionary framework. Developmental Psychology, 48, 939-955.
- *Bascoe, S.M., Davies, P.T., & Cummings, E.M. (2012). Beyond warmth and conflict: The developmental utility of a boundary conceptualization of sibling relationship processes. Child Development, 83, 2121-2138.
- Davies, P.T., Cicchetti, D., & *Martin, M.J. (2012). Towards greater specificity identifying associations among interparental aggression, child emotional reactivity to conflict, and child problems. Child Development, 83, 1789-1804.
- Davies, P.T., Sturge-Apple, M.L., & Cicchetti, D. (2011). Interparental aggression and children's adrenocortical reactivity: Testing an evolutionary model of allostatic load. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 801-814.
- Davies, P.T., Sturge-Apple, M.L., Cicchetti, D., Manning, L.G., & Zale, E. (2009). Children's patterns of emotional reactivity to conflict as explanatory mechanisms in links between interpartner aggression and child physiological functioning. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 1384-1391.
- Bascoe, S.M., Davies, P.T., Sturge-Apple, M.L., & Cummings, E.M. (2009). Children's insecure representations of the interparental relationship and their psychological maladjustment: Children's peer information processing as an explanatory mechanism. Developmental Psychology, 45, 1740-1751.
- Davies, P.T., & Woitach, M.J. (2008). Children's emotional security in the interparental relationship. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 269-274.
- Davies, P.T., Woitach, M.J., Winter, M.A., & Cummings, E.M. (2008). Children's insecure representations of the interparental relationship and their school adjustment: The mediating role of attention difficulties. Child Development, 79, 1570-1582.
- Davies, P.T., Sturge-Apple, M.L., Cicchetti, D., & Cummings, E.M. (2007). The role of child adrenocortical functioning in pathways between forms of interparental conflict and child maladjustment. Developmental Psychology, 43, 918-930.
- Davies, P.T., & Sturge-Apple, M.L. (2007). Advances in the formulation of emotional security theory: An ethologically-based perspective. Advances in Child Behavior and Development, 35, 87-137.
- Davies, P.T., Sturge-Apple, M.L., Winter, M.A., Cummings, E.M., & Farrell, D. (2006). Child adaptational development in contexts of interparental conflict over time. Child Development, 77, 218-233.
- Davies, P.T., & Cummings, E.M. (2006). Interparental discord, family process, and developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti & D.J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental Psychopathology: Vol. 3: Risk, Disorder, and Adaptation (2nd ed., pp. 86-128). New York: Wiley & Sons.